Related Publications

The science underpinning the MatchFit philosophy and practice.


Mental Health Services in Australia. Australian Institute of Health and Welfare

Types of Depression. Black Dog Institute

Persistent Depressive Disorder. Mayo Clinic

Columbia University’s Mailman School of Public Health (2017) ‘Depression Is on the Rise in the US, Especially Among Young Teens’, ScienceDaily,

Maybery, A. Reupert, K. Patrick, M. Goodyear & L. Crase (2009) ‘Prevalence of Parental Mental Illness in Australian Families’, Psychiatric Bulletin, 33 (1), 22–26.

Australian Institute of Health and Welfare (2018) ‘Mental Health Services in Australia’, available at:

Mental Health Foundation (2014) Living with Anxiety: Understanding the role and impact of anxiety in our lives. Available at:

Whiteman (2017) ‘Six Ways Your Pet Can Boost Health and Well-being’, Medical News Today,


Hyman, G. Oden & M. Wagner (2010) The Aging Process: Physiological Changes and Implications for Educators and Practitioners, Activities, Adaptation & Aging, 34 (2), 148–153.

Keller & M. Engelhardt (2014) ‘Strength and Muscle Mass Loss with Aging Process: Age and Strength Loss’, Muscles, Ligaments and Tendons Journal, 3 (4), 346–50.

Currais (2015) ‘Ageing and Inflammation: A Central Role for Mitochondria in Brain Health and Disease’, Ageing Research Reviews, 21, 30–42.

Lopez-Lluch (2008), ‘Mitochondrial Biogenesis and Healthy Aging’, Experimental Gerontology, 43 (9), 813–19.

Steptoe, A. Deaton & A.A. Stone (2014) Subjective Wellbeing, Health, and Ageing. Lancet, 385 (9968), 640–648.

Steptoe A, Deaton A, Stone AA. Subjective wellbeing, health, and ageing. Lancet. 2015;385(9968):640–648. doi:10.1016/S0140-6736(13)61489-0

M.E. Lachman, S. Teshale & S. Agrigoroaei (2014) Midlife as a Pivotal Period in the Life Course: Balancing Growth and Decline at the Crossroads of Youth and Old Age. International Journal of Behavioral Development, 39 (1), 20–31.

M.P. St-Onge & D. Gallagher (2009) Body Composition Changes with Aging: The Cause or the Result of Alterations in Metabolic Rate and Macronutrient Oxidation?’, Nutrition, 26 (2), 152–55.

J.D. Veldhuis (2003) ‘Changes in Pituitary Function with Ageing and Implications for Patient Care’, Nat Rev Endocrinol, 9: 205–15.

J.D. Berry, A. Dyer, X. Cai, D.B. Garside, H. Ning, A. Thomas, P. Greenland, L. Van Horn, R.P. Tracy & D.M. Lloyd-Jones (2012) ‘Lifetime Risks of Cardiovascular Disease’, N Engl J Med, 366 (4), 321–29.

D.L. Murman (2015) ‘The Impact of Age on Cognition’, Seminars in Hearing, 36 (3), 111–21.

Seematter-Bagnoud & B. Santos-Eggimann (2006) ‘Population-based Cohorts of the 50s and Over: A Summary of Worldwide Previous and Ongoing Studies for Research on Health in Ageing’, European Journal of Ageing, 3 (1), 41.

Hayflick & P.S. Moorhead (1961) ‘The Serial Cultivation of Human Diploid Cell Strains’, Experimental Cell Research, 25, 585–621.

Corbyn (2017) ‘Elizabeth Blackburn on the Telomere Effect: “It’s about keeping healthier for longer”’, The Guardian, 29 January 2017, available at:

Buettner (2017) ‘9 Lessons from the World’s Blue Zones on Living a Long, Healthy Life’, World Economic Forum,

Sowa, B. Tobiasz-Adamczyk, R. Topór-Mądry, A. Poscia & D.I. la Milia (2016) ‘Predictors of Healthy Ageing: Public Health Policy Targets’, BMC Health Services Research,16 (Suppl 5), 289. doi:10.1186/s12913-016-1520-5.

T.D. Cosco, A.M. Prina, J. Perales, B.C.M. Stephan & C. Brayne (2014) ‘Operational Definitions of Successful Aging: A Systematic Review’, Int Psychogeriatr, 26 (3), 373–81.

Australian Institute of Health and Welfare

Oeppen & J.W. Vaupel (2001) ‘Broken Limits to Life Expectancy’, Science, 296 (5570), 1029–1031.

K.D. Kochanek, S.L. Murphy, J.Q. Xu & E. Arias (2017) Mortality in the United States, 2016. NCHS Data Brief, no. 293. Hyattsville, MD: National Center for Health Statistics.

Blue Zones on Living a Long, Healthy Life’, World Economic Forum, 26 June 2017, available at:

Australian Institute of Health and Welfare (2017) Behaviours & Risk Factors, 17 July 2017, available at:

Ambrose, M.F. Harris & A. Ampt (2009) ‘The 45-Year Old Health Check: Feasibility and Impact on Practices and Patient Behaviour’, Australian Family Physician, 38 (5).

A.H. Mokdad et al. (2016) ‘Global Burden of Diseases, Injuries, and Risk Factors for Young People’s Health During 1990–2013: A Systematic Analysis for the Global Burden of Disease Study 2013’, Lancet, 387 (10036), 2383–2401.


Ng, T. Fleming, M. Robinson et al. (2014) ‘Global, Regional, and National Prevalence of Overweight and Obesity in Children and Adults during 1980–2013: A Systematic Analysis for the Global Burden of Disease Study 2013’, The Lancet, 384 (9945), 766–81.

Thomas et al. (2017) ‘Screen Media Exposure and Obesity in Children and Adolescents’, Pediatrics, 140 (Suppl. 2): S97–S101.

N.A. Christakis & J.H. Fowler (2007) ‘The Spread of Obesity in a Large Social Network over 32 Years’, New England Journal of Medicine, 357, 370–79.

S.B. Roberts & D.F. Williamson (2002) ‘Causes of Adult Weight Gain’, The Journal of Nutrition, 132 (12), 3824S–3825S.

Agras, W. S., & Mascola, A. J. (2005). Risk factors for childhood overweight. Current Opinion in Pediatrics, 17(5), 648-652


Poczwardowski (2017) ‘Deconstructing Sport and Performance Psychology Consultant: Expert, Person, Performer, and Self-regulator’, International Journal of Sport and Exercise Psychology, 1–18.

C.J. Limb & A.R. Braun (2008) ‘Neural Substrates of Spontaneous Musical Performance: An fMRI Study of Jazz Improvisation’, PLoS ONE, 3 (2), e1679;

Mark, D. Gudith & U. Klock (2015) ‘The Cost of Interrupted Work: More Speed and Stress’, available at:

Mao et al. (2016) ‘Optimal Experience and Optimal Identity: A Multinational Study of the Associations between Flow and Social Identity’, Frontiers in Psychology, 7, 67;

P.E. Mallet & R.J. Beninger (1996) ‘The Endogenous Cannabinoid Receptor Agonist Anandamide Impairs Memory in Rats’, Behavioural Pharmacology, 7 (3), 276–84.

W.C. Orr, H.J. Hoffman & F.W. Hegge (1974) ‘Ultradian Rhythms in Extended Performance’, Aviation, Space, and Environmental Medicine, 45, 995–1000.


Street & R. James (n.d.) ‘The Relationship between Organised Recreational Activity and Mental Health’, WA Department of Local Government, Sport and Cultural Industries, available at:

Australian Institute of Health and Welfare (2017) Risk Factors to Health, Canberra, AIHW, available at:

World Health Organization (2016) Physical Inactivity, available at:

Chung, J. Park & K. Lim (2017) ‘The Effects of Exercise and Cold Exposure on Mitochondrial Biogenesis in Skeletal Muscle and White Adipose Tissue’, Journal of Exercise Nutrition and Biochemistry, 21 (2), 39–47.

D.E. Warburton, C.W. Nicol & S.S. Bredin (2006) ‘Health Benefits of Physical Activity: The Evidence’, CMAJ: Canadian Medical Association Journal, 174 (6), 801–09.

Blair & S. Brodney (1999) ‘Effects of Physical Inactivity and Obesity on Morbidity and Mortality: Current Evidence and Research Issues’, Med Sci Sports Exerc, 31: S646–62.

Heyn, B.C. Abreu & K.J. Ottenbacher (2004) ‘The Effects of Exercise Training on Elderly Persons with Cognitive Impairment and Dementia: A Meta-analysis’, Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, 85 (10), 1694–1704;

Bherer, K.I. Erickson & T. Liu-Ambrose (2013) ‘A Review of the Effects of Physical Activity and Exercise on Cognitive and Brain Functions in Older Adults’, Journal of Aging Research, 2013, 8.

Mayo Clinic. (2017) Depression and anxiety: Exercise eases symptoms. Available at:

Babyak, J.A. Blumenthal, S. Herman, P. Khatri, M. Doraiswamy, K. Moore, W. Edward Craighead, T.T. Baldewicz & K. Ranga Krishnan (2000) ‘Exercise Treatment for Major Depression: Maintenance of Therapeutic Benefit at 10 Months’, Psychosomatic Medicine, 62 (5), 633–638.

Yip, S. Sarma & P. Wilk (2016) ‘The Association between Social Cohesion and Physical Activity in Canada: A Multilevel Analysis’, Population Health, 2, 718–723.

M.T. Hamilton, D.G. Hamilton & T.W. Zderic (2007) ‘The Role of Low Energy Expenditure and Sitting on Obesity, Metabolic Syndrome, Type 2 Diabetes, and Cardiovascular Disease’, Diabetes, published online 7 September 2007, available at:

H.P. Van der Ploeg et al. (2012) ‘Sitting Time and All-Cause Mortality Risk in 222,497 Australian Adults’, Archives of Internal Medicine, 172 (6), 494–500.

Sanghani (2013) ‘Young Adults Only Walk Five Minutes a Day “Because of Technology”’, The Telegraph, available at:

J.L. Veerman et al. (2012) ‘Television Viewing Time and Reduced Life Expectancy: A Life Table Analysis’, British Journal of Sports Medicine, 46, 927–930; M. Shaw, R. Mitchell & D. Dorling (2000) ‘Time for a Smoke? One Cigarette Reduces Your Life by 11 Minutes’, British Medical Journal, 320, 53.

Department of Health (2017), Australia’s Physical Activity and Sedentary Behaviour Guidelines, available at:

M.M. Robinson et al. (2017) ‘Enhanced Protein Translation Underlies Improved Metabolic and Physical Adaptations to Different Exercise Training Modes in Young and Old Humans’, Cell Metabolism, 25 (3), 581.

Tudor-Locke, Catrine, & Bassett, David R. (2004). How Many Steps/Day Are Enough? Sports Medicine, 34(1), 1-8.

Bassett, DR., Schneider, Pl., & Huntington, GE. (2004). Physical Activity in an Old Order Amish Community. Medicine & Science in Sports & Exercise, 36(1), 79-85

Allison MKBaglole JHMartin BJMacinnis MJGurd BJGibala MJ. (2017) Med Sci Sports Exerc. 2017 Feb;49(2):298-307. Intense Stair Climbing Improves Cardiorespiratory Fitness.

Penedo, F. J., & Dahn, J. R. (2005). Exercise and well-being: a review of mental and physical health benefits associated with physical activity. Current Opinion in Psychiatry, 18(2), 189-193.

Warburton, D, Whitney, C, Bredin, S. (2006) Health benefits of physical activity: the evidence. CMAJ 174 (6) 801-809

Tully, M. A., Cupples, M. E., Chan, W. S., McGlade, K., & Young, I. S. (2005). Brisk walking, fitness, and cardiovascular risk: A randomized controlled trial in primary care. Preventive Medicine, 41(2), 622-628.

Sothern, M., Loftin, M., Suskind, R. et al. (1999) The health benefits of physical activity in children and adolescents: implications for chronic disease prevention. Eur J Pediatr. 158: 271

Mackenzie, B. (1999) Maximum Heart Rate

Brymer & L. Oades (2009) ‘Extreme Sports: A Positive Transformation in Courage and Humility’, Journal of Humanistic Psychology, 49 (1).


New York Post (2017) ‘Americans Check their Phones 80 Times a Day: Study’, New York Post, 8 November 2017, available at:

N.D. Volkow, D. Tomasi, G.J. Wang et al. (2011) ‘Effects of Cell Phone Radiofrequency Signal Exposure on Brain Glucose Metabolism’, JAMA, 305 (8), 808–13.

Warell (2018) ‘Text or Talk: Is Technology Making You Lonely?’ Forbes, available at:

Hagberg et al. (2008) ‘Importance of Enjoyment when Promoting Physical Exercise’, Scandinavian Journal of Medicine and Science in Sports, 19 (5), 740–07.


Boutin R et al. (2015) Sarcopenia: Current Concepts and Imaging Implications. American Journal of Roentgenology.205: W255-W266.

Marcell T. Sarcopenia: Causes, Consequences, and Preventions. (2003) Journal of Gerontology: Medical Sciences. 58A (10), 911–916.

Scott D. (2016) Sarcopenia: a potential cause and consequence of type 2 diabetes in Australia’s ageing population? Med J Aust. 205 (7): 329-333.

Behnaz Abiri & Mohammadreza Vafa (2017) Nutrition and sarcopenia: A review of the evidence of nutritional influences, Critical Reviews in Food Science and Nutrition.

Robinson S et al. (2018) Does nutrition play a role in the prevention and management of sarcopenia? Journal of Clinical Nutrition. 37(4), 1121–1132

Nourbakhsh, M. R., & Arab, A. M. (2002). Relationship Between Mechanical Factors and Incidence of Low Back Pain. Journal of Orthopaedic & Sports Physical Therapy, 32(9), 447-460.

Page P. (2012). Current concepts in muscle stretching for exercise and rehabilitation. International journal of sports physical therapy, 7(1), 109-19.

Myklebust G, Engebretsen L, Braekken IH, et al. (2003) Prevention of anterior cruciate ligament injuries in female team handball players: a prospective intervention study over three seasons. Clin J Sport Med. 13(2):71-8.

Tran, M. D., Holly, R. G., Lashbrook, J. and Amsterdam, E. A. (2001), Effects of Hatha Yoga Practice on the Health‐Related Aspects of Physical Fitness. Preventive Cardiology, 4: 165-170.

Rocha, K. K. F., Ribeiro, A. M., Rocha, K. C. F., et al. (2012). Improvement in physiological and psychological parameters after 6months of yoga practice. Consciousness and Cognition, 21(2), 843-850.

McAuley, E., Gothe, N. P., & Kramer, A. F. (2014). The Effects of an 8-Week Hatha Yoga Intervention on Executive Function in Older Adults. The Journals of Gerontology: Series A, 69(9), 1109-1116.

Dhikav, V. , Karmarkar, G. , Verma, M. , et al. (2010), Yoga in Male Sexual Functioning: A Noncompararive Pilot Study. The Journal of Sexual Medicine, 7: 3460-3466


Schwingshackl, C. Schwedhelm, G. Hoffmann et al. (2017) ‘Food Groups and Risk of All-cause Mortality: A Systematic Review and Meta-analysis of Prospective Studies’, American Journal of Clinical Nutrition, 105 (6), 1462–1473.

 J.P.A. Ioannidis (2018) ‘The Challenge of Reforming Nutritional Epidemiologic Research’, JAMA, 320 (10), 969–970.

 R.J. de Souza, A. Mente, A. Maroleanu et al. (2015) ‘Intake of Saturated and Trans Unsaturated Fatty Acids and Risk of All Cause Mortality, Cardiovascular Disease, and Type 2 Diabetes: Systematic Review and Meta-analysis of Observational Studies’, British Medical Journal, 11, 351, h3978.

P.W. Meta-Siri-Tarino, Q. Sun, F.B. Hu, R.M. Krauss (2010) Meta-analysis of Prospective Cohort Studies Evaluating the Association of Saturated Fat with Cardiovascular Disease’, American Journal of Clinical Nutrition, 91 (3), 535–46.

Horne BD, Muhlestein JB, Anderson JL. Health effects of intermittent fasting: hormesis or harm? A systematic review. The American Journal of Clinical Nutrition. 2015;102(2):464-70).

Patterson, R. E., Laughlin, G. A., LaCroix, A. Z., Hartman, S. J., Natarajan, L., Senger, C. M., … Gallo, L. C. (2015). Intermittent Fasting and Human Metabolic Health. Journal of the Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics, 115(8), 1203–1212.

B.D. Horne, H.T. May, J.L. Anderson et al. (2008) ‘Usefulness of Routine Periodic Fasting to Lower Risk of Coronary Artery Disease among Patients Undergoing Coronary Angiography’, American Journal of Cardiology, 102 (7), 814–19.

B.D. Horne, J.B. Muhlestein & D.L. Lappé (2013) ‘Randomized Cross-over Trial of Short-term Water-only Fasting: Metabolic and Cardiovascular Consequences’, Nutr Metab Cardiovasc Dis, 23 (11), 1050–57.

Rauber, M.L. da Costa Louzada & E.M. Steel (2018) Ultra-Processed Food Consumption and Chronic Non-Communicable Diseases-Related Dietary Nutrient Profile in the UK (2008⁻2014) Nutrients, 10 (5): 587.

Renner, G. Sproesser, S. Strohbach & H.T. Schupp (2012) ‘Why We Eat What We Eat: The Eating Motivation Survey (TEMS)’, Appetite, 59 (1), 117–28.

Colantuoni, J. Schwenker, J. McCarthy et al. (2001) ‘Excessive Sugar Intake Alters Binding to Dopamine and Mu-opioid Receptors in the Brain’, NeuroReport, 12 (16), 3549–52.

L.A. Lytle, S.G. Moe, M.S. Nanney, M.N. Laska & J.A. Linde (2014) ‘Designing a Weight Gain Prevention Trial for Young Adults: The CHOICES Study’, American Journal of Health Education, 45 (2), 67–75.

Nowson C and Stella O’Connell. Protein Requirements and Recommendations for Older People: A Review Nutrients. 2015 Aug; 7(8): 6874–6899.

Keys, C. Aravanis, H. Blackburn et al. (1980) Seven Countries: A Multivariate Analysis of Death and Coronary Heart Disease, Cambridge, Harvard University Press.

World Health Organization (2015) ‘WHO Calls on Countries to Reduce Sugars Intake among Adults and Children’, press release, available at:

American Heart Association (2018) ‘Added Sugars’, available at:

Gkogkolou & M. Böhm (2012) ‘Advanced Glycation End Products: Key Players in Skin Aging?’ Dermato-endocrinology, 4 (3), 259–70.

Y.K. Chan, M. Estaki & D.L. Gibson (2013) ‘Clinical Consequences of Diet-induced Dysbiosis’, Annals of Nutrition and Metabolism, 63 (suppl. 2), 28–40.

Dehingia, K. Thangjam devi, N.C. Talukdar et al. (2015) ‘Gut Bacterial Diversity of the Tribes of India and Comparison with the Worldwide Data’, Scientific Reports, 5, 18563.

T.G. Dinan & J.F. Cryan (2017) ‘The Microbiome-Gut-Brain Axis in Health and Disease’, Gastroenterology Clinics of North America, 46 (1), 77–89.

Banerjee (2014) ‘Neurotransmitters in Alcoholism: A Review of Neurobiological and Genetic Studies’, Indian Journal of Human Genetics, 20 (1), 20–31.

Higdon & V.J. Drake (2003) An Evidence-Based Approach to Phytochemicals and Other Dietary Factors. New York, Thieme Medical Publishers Inc.

Collier, R. (2017). The DNA-based diet. CMAJ : Canadian Medical Association Journal. 189(1), E40-E41.

Frayling TM, Timpson NJ, Weedon MN, et al. (2007) A common variant in the FTO gene is associated with body mass index and predisposes to childhood and adult obesity. Science. 316(5826): 889-94.

Goumidi L, Cottel D, Dallongeville J, Amouyel P, Meirhaeghe A. (2014) Effects of established BMI-associated loci on obesity-related traits in a French representative population sample. BMC Genet. 15: 62.

Hong KW, Oh B. (2012 Recapitulation of genome-wide association studies on body mass index in the Korean population. Int J Obes (Lond) 36(8): 1127-30

Gouda HN, Sagoo GS, Harding AH, Yates J, Sandhu MS, Higgins JP. (2010) The association between the peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor-gamma2 (PPARG2) Pro12Ala gene variant and type 2 diabetes mellitus: a HuGE review and meta-analysis. Am J Epidemiol 171(6): 645-55.

Bokor, S., et al., (2010) Single nucleotide polymorphisms in the FADS gene cluster are associated with delta-5 and delta-6 desaturase activities estimated by serum fatty acid ratios. J Lipid Res, 51(8): p. 2325-33.

Lemaitre, R.N., et al., (2011) Genetic loci associated with plasma phospholipid n-3 fatty acids: a meta-analysis of genome-wide association studies from the CHARGE Consortium. PLoS Genet, 7(7): p. e1002193.

Higdon (2003) An Evidence-based Approach to Vitamins and Minerals: Health Implications and Intake Recommendations, New York, Thieme Medical Publishers Inc.

Lobo, A. Patil, A. Phatak, N. Chandra (2010) ‘Free Radicals, Antioxidants and Functional Foods: Impact on Human Health’, Pharmacognosy Reviews, 4 (8), 118–26.

RECHARGE (Recovery)

S.M. Marcora, W. Staiano & V. Manning (2009) ‘Mental Fatigue Impairs Physical Performance in Humans’, Journal of Applied Physiology, 106, 857–64.

M.A. Boksem & M. Tops (2008) ‘Mental Fatigue: Costs and Benefits’, Brain Res Rev, 59, 125–39.

J.G. Johnson et al. (2004) ‘Association between Television Viewing and Sleep Problems during Adolescence and Early Adulthood’, Archives Pediatrics Adolesc Med., 158 (6): 562.

Jenkins EMNairn LNSkelly LE, et al. (2019) Do Stair Climbing Exercise "Snacks" Improve Cardiorespiratory Fitness? Appl Physiol Nutr Metab. doi: 10.1139/apnm-2018-0675

E.W. Hagen, A.G. Mirer, M. Palta & P.E. Peppard (2013), The Sleep-time Cost of Parenting: Sleep Duration and Sleepiness Among Employed Parents in the Wisconsin Sleep Cohort Study’, American Journal of Epidemiology, 177, 394–401.

Zmijewski, C. (2014) Activate the Parasympathetic Nervous System to Improve Recovery. Exercise Science. Available at:

Blix, A. Perski, H. Berglund & I. Savic (2013) ‘Long-term Occupational Stress Is Associated with Regional Reductions in Brain Tissue Volumes,’ PLOS ONE, 8: e64065.

Deligkaris, E. Panagopoulou, A.J. Montgomery & E. Masoura (2014) ‘Job Burnout and Cognitive Functioning: A Systematic Review’, Work & Stress, 28, 107–123.

Liston, B.S. McEwen & B.J. Casey (2009) ‘Psychosocial Stress Reversibly Disrupts Prefrontal Processing and Attentional Control’, Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, 106, 912–917.

R.E. Venter (2012) ‘Perceptions of Team Athletes on the Importance of Recovery Modalities’, European Journal of Sports Science, 14 (Suppl. 1), S69–76.

McCraty & F. Shaffer (2015) Heart Rate Variability: New Perspectives on Physiological Mechanisms, Assessment of Self-regulatory Capacity, and Health Risk’, Global Advances in Health and Medicine, 4 (1), 46–61.

J.M. Ryan & L.G. Howes (2002) ‘Relations between Alcohol Consumption, Heart Rate, and Heart Rate Variability in Men’, Heart, 88 (6), 641–42.

Pietilä et al. (2018) ‘Acute Effect of Alcohol Intake on Cardiovascular Autonomic Regulation During the First Hours of Sleep in a Large Real-World Sample of Finnish Employees: Observational Study’, JMIR Mental Health, 5 (1), e23.

Sonnentag, C. Binnewies & E.J. Mojza (2010) ‘Staying Well and Engaged when Demands Are High: The Role of Psychological Detachment’, Journal of Applied Psychology, 95, 965–976.

Kotozaki Y, Takeuchi H, Sekiguchi A, et al. (2014) Biofeedback-based training for stress management in daily hassles: an intervention study. Brain Behav. 4(4):566-79.

Lundberg, JO, Settergen, G, Gelinder, S, et al (1996) Inhalation of nasally derived nitric oxide modulates pulmonary function in humans. Acta Physiol Scand. 158(4):343-7.

Sengupta P. (2012). Health Impacts of Yoga and Pranayama: A State-of-the-Art Review. International journal of preventive medicine, 3(7), 444-58.

McHugh P, Aitcheson F, Duncan B, Houghton F. (2003) Buteyko Breathing Technique for asthma: an effective intervention. N Z Med J. 116(1187):U710.

Kox, M., van Eijk, L. T., Zwaag, J., van den Wildenberg, J., Sweep, F. C., van der Hoeven, J. G., & Pickkers, P. (2014). Voluntary activation of the sympathetic nervous system and attenuation of the innate immune response in humans. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America, 111(20), 7379-84.

Otto Muzik, Kaice T. Reilly, Vaibhav A. Diwadkar. Brain over body”–A study on the willful regulation of autonomic function during cold exposure. NeuroImage, 2018; 172: 632 DOI: 10.1016/j.neuroimage.2018.01.067

Falsafi (2016) ‘A Randomized Controlled Trial of Mindfulness Versus Yoga: Effects on Depression and/or Anxiety in College Students’, Journal of the American Psychiatric Nurses Association, 22, 483–97.

Costa & T. Barnhofer (2016) ‘Turning Towards or Turning Away: A Comparison of Mindfulness Meditation and Guided Imagery Relaxation in Patients with Acute Depression’, Behavioural and Cognitive Psychotherapy, 44, 410–19;

Forkmann et al. (2016) ‘The Effects of Mindfulness-based Cognitive Therapy and Cognitive Behavioral Analysis System of Psychotherapy Added to Treatment as Usual on Suicidal Ideation in Chronic Depression: Results of a Randomized-Clinical Trial’, Journal of Affective Disorders, 200, 51–57.

J.N. Donald & P.W.B. Atkins (2016) ‘Mindfulness and Coping with Stress: Do Levels of Perceived Stress Matter?’ Mindfulness, 7, 1423–36; J.N. Donald et al. (2016) ‘Daily Stress and the Benefits of Mindfulness: Examining the Daily and Longitudinal Relations between Present-moment Awareness and Stress Responses’, Journal of Research in Personality, 65, 30–37;

Li, H. Yuan & W. Zhang (2016) ‘The Effects of Mindfulness-based Stress Reduction for Family Caregivers: Systematic Review’, Archives of Psychiatric Nursing, 30, 292–99.

K.A. Zernicke et al. (2016) ‘The eCALM Trial: eTherapy for Cancer Applying Mindfulness. Exploratory Analyses of the Associations between Online Mindfulness-based Cancer Recovery Participation and Changes in Mood, Stress Symptoms, Mindfulness, Posttraumatic Growth, and Spirituality, Mindfulness, 7, 1071–81.

Solhaug et al. (2016) ‘Medical and Psychology Students’ Experiences in Learning Mindfulness: Benefits, Paradoxes, and Pitfalls’, Mindfulness, 7, 838–50.

D.C. Cherkin et al. (2016) ‘Effect of Mindfulness-based Stress Reduction vs Cognitive Behavioral Therapy or Usual Care on Back Pain and Functional Limitations in Adults with Chronic Low Back Pain: A Randomized Clinical Trial’, Journal of the American Medical Association, 315, 1240–49;

E.L. Garland & M.O. Howard (2013) ‘Mindfulness-oriented Recovery Enhancement Reduces Pain Attentional Bias in Chronic Pain Patients’, Psychotherapy and Psychosomatics, 82 (5), 311–18.

E.B. Loucks et al. (2015) ‘Positive Associations of Dispositional Mindfulness with Cardiovascular Health: The New England Family Study’, International Journal of Behavioral Medicine, 22, 540–50.

J.M. Rogers et al. (2017) ‘Mindfulness-based Interventions for Adults Who Are Overweight or Obese: A Meta-analysis of Physical and Psychological Health Outcomes’, Obesity Reviews, 18, 51–67.

C.A. Moyer, J. Rounds & J.W. Hannum (2004) ‘A Meta-Analysis of Massage Therapy Research’, Psychological Bulletin, 130 (1), 3–18

Ewert & Y. Chang (2018) ‘Levels of Nature and Stress Response’, Behavioral Sciences, 8 (5), 49.

A.L. Vinesett, R.R. Whaley, C. Woods-Giscombe et al. (2017) ‘Modified African Ngoma Healing Ceremony for Stress Reduction: A Pilot Study’, Journal of Alternative and Complementary Medicine, 23 (10), 800–804.

Field (2016) ‘Yoga Research Review’, Complementary Therapies in Clinical Practice, 24, 145–161.

J.M. Peake, L.A. Roberts, V.C. Figueiredo et al. (2017) ‘The Effects of Cold-Water Immersion and Active Recovery on Inflammation and Cell Stress Responses in Human Skeletal Muscle after Resistance Exercise’, The Journal of Physiology, 595 (3), 695–711.

N.A. Jessen, A.S. Munk, I. Lundgaard & M. Nedergaard (2015) ‘The Glymphatic System: A Beginner’s Guide’, Neurochemical Research, 40 (12), 2583–99.

H.R. Colten & B.M. Altevogt (eds) (2006) Sleep Disorders and Sleep Deprivation: An Unmet Public Health Problem, Washington DC: National Academies Press, Chapter 3, available at:

Hillman & L.C. Lack (2013) ‘Public Health Implications of Sleep Loss: The Community Burden’, Medical Journal of Australia, 199 (8 Suppl.), S7–S10.

Hublin, J. Kaprio, M. Partinen & M. Koskenvuo (2001) ‘Insufficient Sleep: A Population-based Study in Adults’, Sleep, 24 (4), 392–400.

Deloitte Access Economics (2017) Asleep on the Job: Counting the Cost of Poor Sleep, report for the Sleep Health Foundation, available at:

Magnavita & S. Garbarino (2017) ‘Sleep, Health and Wellness at Work: A Scoping Review’, International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, 14 (11), pii: E1347.

Williamson & A. Feyer (2000) ‘Moderate Sleep Deprivation Produces Impairments in Cognitive and Motor Performance Equivalent to Legally Prescribed Levels of Alcohol Intoxication’, Occupational and Environmental Medicine, 57 (10), 649–55.

Phipps-Nelson, J.R. Redman, D.-J. Dijk & S.M.W. Rajaratnam (2003) ‘Daytime Exposure to Bright Light, as Compared to Dim Light, Decreases Sleepiness and Improves Psychomotor Vigilance Performance’, Sleep, 26 (6), 695–700.

Guadagni, F. Burles, M. Ferrara & G. Iaria (2014) ‘The Effects of Sleep Deprivation on Emotional Empathy’, Journal of Sleep Research, 23, 657–63.

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